The risk of unfavorable prostate cancer in active surveillance (AS) candidates is nonnegligible. However, what represents an adverse pathologic outcome in this setting is unknown. We aimed at assessing the optimal definition of misclassification and its effect on recurrence in AS candidates treated with radical prostatectomy (RP).
Among patients eligible for AS treated with RP, only men with Gleason score≥4+3 or non–organ-confined disease at final pathology were at increased risk of BCR. These individuals represent the real misclassified AS patients, who can be predicted based on older age and higher PSA density.”
Overall, 1,710 patients eligible for AS according to Prostate Cancer Research International: Active Surveillance criteria treated with RP between 2000 and 2013 at 3 centers were evaluated.
Patients were stratified according to pathology results at RP: organ-confined disease and pathologic Gleason score ≤6 (group 1); organ-confined disease and Gleason score 3+4 (group 2); and non–organ-confined disease, Gleason score ≥4+3, and nodal invasion (group 3).
Biochemical recurrence (BCR) was defined as 2 consecutive prostate-specific antigen (PSA)≥0.2 ng/ml. Kaplan-Meier curves assessed time to BCR. Multivariable Cox regression analyses tested the association between pathologic features and BCR.
Multivariable logistic regression analyses identified the predictors of adverse pathologic characteristics.
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